As host to the international Gnawa Music festival, Essaouira has become the African capital of world music - a crossroads between African, European, Asian and American music and culture. So far, there have been eight Gnawa festivals held here. They take place during the summer, normally in June.
Every year, thousands of Moroccan and foreign music lovers flock to the Place Moulay El-Hassan to attend this spectacular event. Last year, the opening ceremony featured Moroccan Maalem (Masters) Hamid El Kasr, Abdeslam Alikane and Abdelkebir Merchane.
Over the years, Gnawa music has received increasing international recognition. Dozens of Moroccan and international journalists now attend the event and it's covered by several famous satellite channels.
Gnawa is a spiritual and ritual form of music that has its roots in black African slavery. It's become an integral part of life for the people of Essaouira. It first appeared in Morocco over three hundred years ago, when Essaouira was a thriving port between Africa and Europe. Back then; slaves (from whom the Gnawa are descended) were sold for goods imported from Europe like ostrich feathers, gold and salt etc...
Gnawa is music for the mind, body and soul - a therapeutic mixture of black African culture and Islam.
Typically, the event takes place over three days and draws up to 300 local and international musicians and singers who perform on the nine (or so) stages that are prepared for the event.
Essaouira is synonymous wit h the Gnawa Festival. It's one of the best in country. Don't miss any opportunity you get to see it!
The Moroccan rail system runs along two branches: from Casablanca to Oujda, and from Tangier to Marrakech. Second-class travel is quite comfortable for most journeys. In summer, note that first class ensures...
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